Mining Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. [51] Mining [a.] Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Once the analysis determines a given ore body is worth recovering, development begins to create access to the ore body. Mining Meaning in English to Urdu is کان کنی, as written in Urdu and Kaan Kuni, as written in Roman Urdu. Retrieved August 27, 2007, A culture of Improvement. [57], While exploration and mining can be conducted by individual entrepreneurs or small businesses, most modern-day mines are large enterprises requiring large amounts of capital to establish. Mining in Europe has a very long history. [18] In 1762, the world's first mining academy was established in the same town there. This identifies, early on, whether further investment in estimation and engineering studies is warranted and identifies key risks and areas for further work. English, German, and Dutch capital combined to finance extraction and refining. Otis E. Young. (Military) military the process of laying mines. Mining companies in most countries are required to follow stringent environmental and rehabilitation codes in order to minimize environmental impact and avoid impacting human health. Western cities such as Denver and Sacramento originated as mining towns. Mining in hard and soft rock formations require different techniques. The proportion of a deposit that is economically recoverable is dependent on the enrichment factor of the ore in the area. Both types of ore deposit, placer or lode, are mined by both surface and underground methods. [5], Ancient Egyptians mined malachite at Maadi. At other parts of the site, they penetrated the water table and dewatered the mines using several kinds of machines, especially reverse overshot water-wheels. The mining sector is made up of large multinational companies that are sustained by production from their mining operations. English Dictionary: 1. With 450 kilometres (280 mi) of roads, 40 million tonnes of annually produced ore, and a depth of 1,270 metres (4,170 ft), it is also one of the most modern underground mines. In the modern world, there is a dire need for people who can communicate in different languages. Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BC. Maynard, S.R., Lisenbee, A.L. ных ископаемых…, minería, explotación, minería [feminine…. Congo, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – i.e. Mining [p. pr. The container molecules are able to selectively separate the gold from the solvent without the use of water stripping." They were worked as treadmills with miners standing on the top slats. The oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the Ngwenya Mine in Eswatini (Swaziland), which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old. Public awareness increase, where government should act as a bridge between public and initiative for a successful outcome of the policy is an important element to be considered. The total movement of ore and waste constitutes the mining process. These mines are described by the Greek author Diodorus Siculus, who mentions fire-setting as one method used to break down the hard rock holding the gold. As of 2008, the deepest mine in the world is TauTona in Carletonville, South Africa, at 3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi),[81] replacing the neighboring Savuka Mine in the North West Province of South Africa at 3,774 metres (12,382 ft). This estimation is used to conduct a pre-feasibility study to determine the theoretical economics of the ore deposit. To gain access to the mineral deposit within an area it is often necessary to mine through or remove waste material which is not of immediate interest to the miner. Room and pillar mining often leads to retreat mining, in which supporting pillars are removed as miners retreat, allowing the room to cave in, thereby loosening more ore. Additional sub-surface mining methods include hard rock mining, which is mining of hard rock (igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary) materials, bore hole mining, drift and fill mining, long hole slope mining, sub level caving, and block caving. Mining is heavily affected by the prices of the commodity minerals, which are often volatile. England had iron, zinc, copper, lead, and tin ores. [72] The observed negative correlation between natural resources and economic development is known as the resource curse. Only minor shaking or washing may be necessary to disaggregate (unclump) the sands or gravels before processing. The largest and second deepest open-pit copper mine in the world is Chuquicamata in northern Chile at 900 metres (3,000 ft), which annually produces 443,000 tons of copper and 20,000 tons of molybdenum.[85][86][87]. A typical cycle includes sumping (launch-pushing forward) and shearing (raising and lowering the cutter-head boom to cut the entire height of the coal seam). The widespread adoption of agricultural innovations such as the iron plowshare, as well as the growing use of metal as a building material, was also a driving force in the tremendous growth of the iron industry during this period. [94] However, although the first landfill mine opened in Tel Aviv, Israel in 1953, little work has followed due to the abundance of accessible ores. British English: mining / ˈmaɪnɪŋ / NOUN. Bulldozers, drills, explosives and trucks are all necessary for excavating the land. Other metals would often wait for railroads or canals, as coarse gold dust and nuggets do not require smelting and are easy to identify and transport. Mining companies can be classified based on their size and financial capabilities: New regulations and a process of legislative reforms aim to improve the harmonization and stability of the mining sector in mineral-rich countries. Tailings, which are usually produced as a slurry, are most commonly dumped into ponds made from naturally existing valleys. & Rogers, J. Other methods include shrinkage stope mining, which is mining upward, creating a sloping underground room, long wall mining, which is grinding a long ore surface underground, and room and pillar mining, which is removing ore from rooms while leaving pillars in place to support the roof of the room. Cerrillos Hills Historic Park Vision Statement. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Mining in the United States became prevalent in the 19th century, and the General Mining Act of 1872 was passed to encourage mining of federal lands. Some passages are the business, job, or process of removing coal from the ground: The lawsuit seeks to limit coal mining in that area. Electricity is typically generated with diesel generators. During prehistoric times, large amounts of copper was mined along Lake Superior's Keweenaw Peninsula and in nearby Isle Royale; metallic copper was still present near the surface in colonial times. The same adits were also used to ventilate the workings, especially important when fire-setting was used. Meaning and Definition of mining. Areas in modern Montana, Utah, Arizona, and later Alaska became predominate suppliers of copper to the world, which was increasingly demanding copper for electrical and households goods. Mining as an industry underwent dramatic changes in medieval Europe. 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